Thursday, March 31, 2016

Pony Wars

Overlooking the North Fork of the Big Hole River
Some months ago I became ill with the the Pony Wars bug.  I think I caught it from a post on The Miniatures Page, and went Googling to find figures and terrain.  I didn't want to replicate some of the more commonly known battles, like the overdone (and really not that important - gasp) Little Big Horn, and I did not want to paint loads of mounted troops (But Darryl, you say, they are called Pony Wars for a reason!), so I went for a battle that I have read about a few times, that involves the noble Nez Perce, has that chap of Iron Brigade fame named Gibbon, and was mostly fought on foot.  What is is you ask?  The Battle of Big Hole that took place in August, 1877, in Montana.

I am not going to try to recreate the wheel here and cover all the details of the Nez Perce War.  There are plenty of books and websites that do that already.  I am going to say that my source for information is a book by Aubrey Haines entitled An Elusive Victory (later released as The Battle of the Big Hole).  There is enough detail and decent maps to replicate this small battle on the tabletop somewhat realistically, even though the terrain for the second phase of the battle may be problematic as it took place on the lower slopes of a mountain.  The first phase occurred in the flat area near the North Fork of the Big Hole River, where the foot soldiers of the Seventh Infantry and a company of the dismounted Second Cavalry (along with some citizens that one might call militia) stormed a quiet village of the Nez Perce.  The first phase did not go well as the startled Indians regrouped from their initial confusion and forced the United States forces back to what was later called Battle Mountain where the Nez Perce warriors kept up a small siege until the rest of the village could get away.

The forces engaged were relatively small, a few hundred Americans against a smaller force of Indians.  For this I needed dismounted Indians, Civil War Union troops wearing floppy hats, Indian villagers, and some tepees.  To take care of the Indians and tepees I turned to Hovels' Pony Wars range of 15mm figures.  While the pictures on their website are a bit gaudy, which make the figures look cartoonish, I had some feedback from one of the Yahoo groups that the Hovels figures actually were fairly nice, being smaller 15mm, and quite affordable castings.  The affordable part is certainly correct.  A mounted figure runs .69 cents (mounted command a bit more), and a dismounted figure is only .35 cents.  You will have a difficult time finding any other 15mm range out there for these prices (the old Ral Partha Napoleonic range, now made by Monday Knight Productions, is the least expensive 15mm range I have yet to find).  The Hovels tepees come two to a pack, cost only $1.44 each, and stand nearly 40mm in height.  The foot figures run about 14mm from the bottom of the base to the top of the head, making them old school 15s.

I picked up five packs of tepees (giving me ten) and some assorted Indian packs, including mounted command, dismounted warriors with and without chiefs, dead Indians, a smoke signal set (the fire will work nicely within the village setting), a village set with various non-combatants and accessories, and a travois set.  I did not want to order all the Indians that I will actually want for this project as I was not certain what the figures would look like, but I am pleased with these diminutive castings and will be ordering more tepees, warriors, and probably another village set.  Placing an order with Hovels is easy using their online order form.  Just enter your details, type in your items, enter your credit card info (they also accept PayPal), and in a few weeks (they can be a bit slow on getting your order to you) you will have your goodies in the post.

Tuesday, March 8, 2016

A Summary of All Things Legion - Part II: Books

This is my rather extensive collection of books and articles related to Harmar, St. Clair, and Wayne.  For those wanting a couple of good overall titles on the Legion, start with John Winkler's Fallen Timbers Osprey book, and Alan Gaff's Bayonets in the Wilderness (Gaff wrote an excellent book on the Iron Brigade at Brawner's Farm as well).  A good overall treatise of all three campaigns is the venerable President Washington's Indian War by the recently deceased noted Civil War historian Wiley Sword.  The Osprey Men-at-Arms on the United States Army during this period is less than desired as the uniforms depict what the Legion should have looked like, but in reviewing Wayne's papers as well as the quartermaster records I highly doubt if the Legion ever received enough materials to add such things as wings on the shoulders of the light infantry.  Unfortunately that theme of what they should have looked like was carried into Winkler's works (St. Clair's army was most likely attired like their revolutionary brethren, in cocked, not round, hats, but are portrayed in Wabash in round hats).

Be cautious with Calloway's The Victory With No Name...any book that repeatedly uses "canon" as opposed to "cannon" is suspect from the start, but it is a decent book on St. Clair's defeat.  Winkler's Wabash is probably enough to cover the Wabash battle, but Calloway does add more background information.

  • Adams, Randolph G. – "The Harmar Expedition of 1790." Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly, 50. Ohio, 1941.
  • Andrews, Joseph Gardner – "A Surgeon's Mate at Fort Defiance; the Journal of Joseph Gardner Andrews for the year 1795." Ohio Historical Quarterly. 1957.
  • Barmann, Floyd – "Chronology of St. Clair's Expedition" St. Clair's Defeat. Ohio, 1991.
  • Calloway, Colin G. – The Victory with No Name: The Native American Defeat of the First American Army.  2014.
  • Cone, Stephen D. – "The Indian Attack on Fort Dunlap." Ohio Archaeological and Historical Society Publications 17. Ohio, 1908.
  • DeRegnaucourt, Tony – The Archaeology of Camp Stillwater: Wayne's March to Fallen Timbers July 28, 1794. Arcanum, Ohio, 1995.
  • DeRegnaucourt, Tony – The Archaeology of Fort Recovery, Ohio: St. Clair's Defeat, November 4, 1791, and Wayne's Victory, June 30 and July 1. Arcanum, Ohio, 1996.
  • DeRegnaucourt, Tony – The Archaeology of Fort St. Marys: Major General Anthony Wayne's Fort 1795 to 1796. Arcanum, Ohio, 1996.
  • Douglas, Albert – "Major General Arthur St. Clair." Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly 16. Ohio, 1907.
  • Downes, Randolph – Council Fires on the Upper Ohio. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1989.
  • Eid, Leroy V. – "'Their Rules of War': James Smith's Summary of Indian Woodland War." Selected Papers from the 1985 and 1986 George Rogers Clark Trans-Appalachian Frontier History Conference. Vincennes, Indiana, 1988.
  • Eid, Leroy V. – "Who Defeated St. Clair? Selected Papers from the 1989 and 1990 George Rogers Clark Trans-Appalachian Frontier History Conference. Vincennes, Indiana, 1991.
  • Furlong, Patrick J. – "Problems of Frontier Logistics in St. Clair's 1791 Campaign." Selected Papers from the 1983 and 1984 George Rogers Clark Trans-Appalachian Frontier History Conference. Vincennes, Indiana, 1985.
  • Gaff, Alan D. – Bayonets in the Wilderness: Anthony Wayne’s Legion in the Old Northwest.  Oklahoma, 2008.
  • Harmar, Josiah – "General Harmar's Journal." Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly 20. Ohio, 1911.
  • Heckaman, David T. – "'Badly Clothed, Badly Paid, and Badly Fed': St. Clair's Army, 1791." St. Clair's Defeat. Ohio, 1991.
  • Heckaman, David T. – "Organization of Major General Anthony Wayne's Legion of the United States." Treaty of Greene Ville Bicentennial Commission Research and Histories Presented in 1995. Greenville, Ohio, 1995.
  • Irvin, Thomas – "Harmar's Campaign." Edited by Frazer E. Wilson. Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly 19. Ohio, 1910.
  • Lytle, Richard M. – The Soldiers of America’s First Army 1791.  2004.
  • Meek, Basil – "General Harmar's Expedition." Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly 20. Ohio, 1911.
  • Murphy, John A., ed. – The Greenville Peace Treaty. Pataskala, Ohio, 1994.
  • Murphy, John A., ed. – Letters, Journals, and Anecdotes of Fort Recovery and Fallen Timbers. Pataskala, Ohio, 1994.
  • Novak, Greg – "The Legion of the United States." Historical Gamer Magazine, Number 22. Lexington, Kentucky, 1994.
  • Palmer, Dave R. – 1794, America, Its Army, and the Birth of the Nation. Novato, California, 1994.
  • Peckham, Howard – "Josiah Harmar and His Indian Expedition." Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly 55. Ohio, 1946.
  • Priddy, O.W. – "Wayne's Strategic Advance from Fort Greenville to Grand Glaize." Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly, 39. Ohio, 1930.
  • Prucha, Francis Paul – The Sword of the Republic. Lincoln, Nebraska, 1986.
  • Rohr, Martha E. – Historical Sketch of Fort Recovery. Fort Recovery, Ohio, 1974.
  • Sargent, Winthrop – "Winthrop Sargent's Diary While with General Arthur St. Clair's Expedition Against the Indians," Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly 33. Ohio, 1924.
  • Scamyhorn, Richard and Steinle, John – Stockades in the Wilderness. Dayton, Ohio, 1986.
  • Seiler, Toni T. – The St. Clair and Wayne Trails. Arcanum, Ohio, 1989.
  • Seiler, Toni T. – The Native Americans at the Greene Ville Peace Treaty 1795. Arcanum, Ohio, 1993.
  • Simmons, David A. – The Forts of Anthony Wayne. Fort Wayne, Indiana, 1977.
  • Simmons, David A. – "Military Architecture on the American Frontier." Selected Papers from the 1983 and 1984 George Rogers Clark Trans-Appalachian Frontier History Conference. Vincennes, Indiana, 1985.
  • Simmons, David A. – "The Architecture of Anthony Wayne's Forts." Treaty of Greene Ville Bicentennial Commission Research and Histories Presented in 1995. Greenville, Ohio, 1995.
  • Smith, Dwight L., ed. – From Greene Ville to Fallen Timbers. Indianapolis, Indiana, 1952.
  • Smith, Dwight L. – "Fort Recovery, 1794: The Climax of the Indian Resistance Movement." Treaty of Greene Ville Bicentennial Commission Research and Histories Presented in 1995. Greenville, Ohio, 1995.
  • Sword, Wiley – President Washington's Indian War. Norman, Oklahoma, 1985.
  • Thom, James Alexander – "Little Turtle, Destroyer of Armies." St. Clair's Defeat. Ohio, 1991.
  • Urwin, Gregory J.W. – "The Legion of the United States." Campaigns Magazine, Number 43. Los Angeles, California, 1982.
  • Van Trees, Robert V. – The Banks of the Wabash. Fairborn, Ohio, 1986.
  • Waller, George M. – "Regularity: Military Policy in the Old Northwest 1789-1794." Selected Papers from the 1985 and 1986 George Rogers Clark Trans-Appalachian Frontier History Conference. Vincennes, Indiana, 1988.
  • West, Bryan – "The Mapping of Greene Ville Major-General Anthony Wayne's Legionary Headquarters 1793-1796." Treaty of Greene Ville Bicentennial Commission Research and Histories Presented in 1995. Greenville, Ohio, 1995.
  • West, J. Martin – "Arthur St. Clair, Ill-fated General of the Republic." St. Clair's Defeat. Ohio, 1991.
  • Westheider, James E. – "The History of Fort Washington at Cincinnati, Ohio: A Case Study." Selected Papers from the 1989 and 1990 George Rogers Clark Trans-Appalachian Frontier History Conference. Vincennes, Indiana, 1991.
  • Wilson, Frazer, E., ed. – "St. Clair's Defeat: As Told by an Eyewitness-From Original MSS." Ohio Archaeological and Historical Publications 10. Ohio, 1902.
  • Wilson, Frazier E., ed. – Journal of Capt. Daniel Bradley. Greenville, Ohio, 1935.
  • Wilson, Frazier E. – Fort Jefferson. Evansville, Indiana, 1984.
  • Wilson, Frazier E. – Arthur St. Clair. Mt. Vernon, Indiana, 1990.
  • Wilson, Frazier E. – Around the Council Fire. Mt. Vernon, Indiana, 1990.
  • Winger, Otho – "The Indians Who Opposed Harmar." Ohio Archaeological and Historical Quarterly 50. Ohio, 1941.
  • Winkler, John – Fallen Timbers 1794: The U.S. Army’s First Victory.  2013.
  • Winkler, John – Wabash 1791: St. Clair’s Defeat.  2011.
  • Young, Calvin M. – Little Turtle. Mt. Vernon, Indiana, 1998.
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